UWMC is focusing on Accessory Dwelling Units (ADUs) as a way to expand affordable housing within Monterey County.
What are ADUs?
ADUs are second units that are built on the same lot as a single-family home. ADUs can be built as an attachment to an existing home or garage, a conversion of a garage or existing structure, a detached unit, or can exist entirely within the primary home. ADUs can be a source of additional income for homeowners as well as provide an affordable and convenient place to live for residents.
The state of California recognizes ADUs as one of the strategies needed to tackle the housing crisis. However, even with state legislation removing policy barriers to ADU development, there are still many challenges homeowners face in the planning, permitting, and building stages of an ADU.
What are Junior Accessory Dwelling Units (JADUs)?
A JADU is a second unit that is within an existing single family residence and is limited to 500 sq. ft. A JADU does not need to have a full kitchen, but must have an "efficiency kitchen" and may include either separate sanitation facilities or share sanitiation facilities with the existing residence. A JADU must be constructed from an existing bedroom and include a separate entrance from the main entrance to the JADU.
Can I Build an ADU?
Whether you are within city limits or in unincorporated County, technically YES! State law allows you to build an ADU or a JADU (or potentially both!) if you have a single-family residential lot. That being said, there are some requirements based on your city or county ADU ordinance, that may limit the size or type of ADU that you can build.
Are you a homeowner with an interest to build an ADU on your property or do you currently own a property with an ADU on the lot? We want to hear from you. Please take a few minutes to fill out one of our surveys:
The City of Seaside is gearing up for a major push to encourage development of Accessory Dwelling Units (ADUs) in existing residential neighborhoods. Building ADUs is seen as a relatively inexpensive way to increase the City’s housing supply, address the current housing crisis, and assist existing homeowners by providing additional rental income. To encourage ADU development the City is in the process of removing permit fees, providing low-interest loan options and streamlining the plan check process. The City is also in the process of preparing details for the allocation of water credits that have been set aside exclusively for ADUs. To further promote ADUs the City wishes to also design and complete several demonstration ADU projects that will highlight detached ADUs, Junior ADUs and attached garage conversion ADUs. Visit the City of Seaside's webpage to learn more.
ADU Advisory Group
In order to address these remaining barriers, UWMC formed an ADU Advisory Group to develop cross functional coordination, synergy and collaborative action in support of the development of new ADUs in Monterey County. Members of the Group include UWMC, Monterey Bay Economic Partnership (MBEP), Habitat for Humanity Monterey Bay, County of Monterey, City of Salinas, Community Housing Improvements Systems and Planning Association Inc (CHISPA) , Monterey County Housing Authority Development Corporation (HDC), Rehabilitation Restoration Respite (R3), City of Seaside, and community volunteers.
The ADU Advisory Group’s goal is to spark aligned actions to increase the number of ADUs in the County.
The Advisory Group’s roles are to:
- Analyze problems and understand systems affecting construction of ADUs in the county, including inequities, baseline, trends and changes overtime
- Identify effective solutions (strategies) and support their implementation – either directly or by advocating for program, practice or policy changes
- Support mutual accountability for results by monitoring implementation and addressing new challenges as they arise.
If you or your organization is interested in reducing policy barriers to ADU development, advocating for supportive ADU policies, participating in the ADU Advisory Workgroup and/or increasing ADU development in Monterey County, please contact Lauren Link, Community Impact Associate at United Way Monterey County and Staff Liaison for the ADU Advisory Workgroup at (831) 372-8026 x115 or by email.
ADU Literature Review: Highlights the ADU policies within Monterey County and includes policy recommendations and case studies.
City and County Policy:
- City of Monterey: Municipal Code 38-26 S. Accessory Dwelling Units
- City of Seaside: The city of Seaside does not have a city ordinance, but has adopted the state law as their ADU policy. 17.52.230 Residential Second Units (RSU)
- City of Marina: Municipal Code 17.06.040 Secondary Dwelling and Guest Houses
- City of Pacific Grove: Municipal Code Chapter 23.80 Accessory Dwelling Units
- City of Salinas: Municipal Code Sec. 37-50.250.-Accessory dwelling units
- City of Gonzales: Municipal Code 12.112.020: Residential Second Unit or Secondary Dwelling Units
- City of Greenfield: City Code Chapter 17.90 Accessory Dwelling Units
- City of Soledad: Municipal Code 17.38.260 Second Residential Units
- City of King City: Municipal Code Chapter 17.47.015 Second Residential Unit
- Monterey County ADU Policy: 20.64.030 Regulations for ADUs
State Law Updates
- Senate Bill 13: Reduces and/or eliminates development impact fees for ADUs, prohibits owner occupancy requirement, further reduces parking requirements, and lowers jurisdiction’s ADU application approval time to 60 days.
- Assembly Bill 881: Prohibits minimum lot size requirements, limits local discretion on min. and max sizes for units, and allows for an 800 sq. ft. ADU to be developed on single-family lot, regardless of lot coverage, floor area ratio, or setback requirements.
- Senate Bill 68: Allows both an ADU and a JADU on the same single-family lot.
- Assembly Bill 670: Homeowner associations (HOAs) and common interest developments (CIDs) must now allow ADUs within their developments.
Effective January 1, 2019:
- Senate Bill 1226: Applies to unpermitted/illegal ADUs (California Legislative Information, 2018)
- Assembly Bill 494: Further reduces parking requirements (California Legislative Information, 2017)
Effective January 1, 2017:
- Senate Bill 1069: Reduces parking requirements, utility fee reductions, and streamlines the approval process. (California Legislative Information, 2016)
- Assembly Bill 2299: Streamlines approval process for local governments (California Legislative Information, 2016)
- Assembly Bill 2406: Applies to junior accessory dwelling units (JADU) ordinances (California Legislative Information, 2016)(California Department of Housing and Community Development, n.d.)
- California Department of Housing and Community Development (HCD) Accessory Dwelling Units
- LA MÁS
- Santa Cruz City and County (Santa Cruz Sentinel. Nicholas Ibarra. Santa Cruz County Offers Amnesty to Unpermitted Homes.)
- Santa Cruz County ADUs
- Housing Trust Silicon Valley: Small Homes BIG IMPACT Pilot program that offers free educational workshops and financial assistance to homeowners seeking to build an ADU.
- Lessons Learned from Portland, Seattle, and Vancouver. Report discusses the remaining barriers facing homeowners even when removing policy barriers. Interesting ideas to spur the market for ADUs.